We’ve looked at the Cover Letter and the CV; today we look at the Teaching Statement.
An expanded and updated version of this post can now be found in Chapter 25 of my book, The Professor Is In: The Essential Guide to Turning Your Ph.D. Into a Job.
Here at The Professor Is In we have reached the point in the Fall job market season in which many of our clients have finished work on their job letters and their c.v.s—and damn, do they look good!–and have moved on to their teaching statements.
And once again, I am struck by how many really brilliant and talented young scholars, including those who are otherwise terrific writers, fall flat on their faces in their teaching statements. It’s just painful. The teaching statement first drafts are, by and large, simply excruciating to read.
Apparently these things are just brutal to write.
I think there are several reasons, actually. A partial, speculative list would include these:
- The audience and its expectations are unclear
- The genre is rarely explained
- The genre allows for great variation, with few obvious parameters for length and tone
- The expected content at first blush seems overly “obvious” and rote (ie, “I am passionate about teaching”)
- Feelings about teaching are often intense and hard to articulate in academic prose.
The mistakes that teaching statement writers make seem to fall into fairly consistent patterns that derive from the confusions and mystifications listed above. In this post I am going to identify the major pitfalls of the worst teaching statements, and offer suggestions to guide you as you craft your own.
Error #1: It is too long
There are fewer hard and fast rules of teaching statements than there are for things like c.v.s and cover letters. So, there may be scholars and departments and search committees that have no problem with lengthy ones. But it is the official position of Dr. Karen that a teaching statement should be no longer than one page.
The reason is that a teaching statement is always a subsidiary document to a larger job application, which already includes a job letter, a c.v., references, and possibly a writing sample. It is simply not realistic or reasonable to expect the search committee to wade through a 3 page single-spaced teaching statement on top of all of that. While some dedicated individuals might, the vast majority will not. So, be your own best advocate, and make your statement as easy as possible to digest.
Believe me, everything you actually NEED to say in a teaching statement can be easily said in one page.
And while we’re on the subject, I don’t mean one page in 11pt font with 1/2” margins either. I mean one page with nice one inch wide margins on all sides, and a nice legible 12 pt font that is easy on middle-aged eyes.
It is one of the principles I try to inculcate in my TPII work, that white space on a page communicates expansiveness and confidence. Line upon line of miniscule font, crammed up to the edges of the paper, by contrast, communicates insecurity and desperation.
You know how when you get ready for a long backpacking trip, and they tell you to pack your backpack with everything you think you need, walk around the block with it, come back, and take half out? Well, when you write a professional job document, write everything you think need to say, then go back and take half out. Always write less.
Error #2: You tell a story instead of making statements supported by evidence.
This is probably the single most common pitfall of the teaching statement. For some reason candidates think that the genre requires the “story of my teaching life.” Ie, “I always like to use multi-media materials in the classroom. I first discovered the value of these when I taught ‘Introduction to Cultural Anthropology’ at the Eastern Tennessee State last spring. In that class I had the opportunity to use a wide range of videos and online materials. Students told me that they really loved these, and I came to feel that these are excellent methods for promoting in-class discussions. I plan to use them in future classes as well.”
I’ll bet some of you reading this post think that the above is totally great. It isn’t. It’s rambly and utterly enmeshed in the single greatest principle of bad writing, which is that it Tells, when it needs to Show.
We don’t want the Story of Teaching. We want principles of teaching, and evidence that you exemplify these principles in specific classroom goals and practices.
Remember that this piece of writing is sometimes called a Teaching Philosophy. Now I dislike that term, because I think ti encourages writers to be even more wooey and tell-y than otherwise, but it does point to one major goal: the statement has to articulate a wide general good that can be achieved through university pedagogy at its broadest level. Then the writer demonstrates, in concrete and specific terms, how this good is manifested in specific teaching strategies, with examples. Then evidence is provided to show it was done effectively. Then there is a conclusion. And the essay is finished.
To repeat: wide general good—>teaching strategies that manifest this good –>examples from specific classes —evidence that the strategies were effective –>conclusion
The most important point here is that you provide evidence that SHOWS (rather than tells) how you teach. This does not mean teaching evals or numerical outcomes per se, but rather that you describe a course, a specific teaching strategy that you used and why, what the outcomes were, and feedback from students that was illuminating.
Error #3: You express sentiments that are saccharine, obvious and indistinguishable from countless other applicants.
Error #4: You mis-read your audience
Error #5: You are excessively humble, especially if you are female
Error #6: You are excessively emotional, especially if you are female.
Language such as
“I am delighted when students tell me…”
“I would be thrilled to teach your course in xxx…”
“I am so excited to use new materials…”
“It would be a great pleasure to create new courses…”
“I can’t say enough about how much I enjoy…”
may seem friendly and engaged, but it is actually overly-emotional and highly feminized in ways that, again, are self-sabotaging on the tenure track job market.
Women in particular must beware of their tendency to over-invest in a “nice” persona in their teaching statements. Teaching at the tenure track level is not about being nice. It is about being a professional.
Realize that the “nicer” and “sweeter” you sound, the more you are characterizing yourself as the classic female perennial one-year replacement adjunct.
Those who are competitive in the tenure track market, by contrast, articulate a teaching persona that is completely consistent with their researcher persona: serious, intellectually hard-hitting, disciplinarily cutting edge, demanding, and with high standards and expectations.
Error #7: You fail to link your research and teaching into a single consistent whole.
Error #8: You don’t have a Conclusion
For the complete updated version of my Teaching Statement advice, see my book, The Professor Is In: The Essential Guide to Turning Your Ph.D. Into a Job.
*giggle* Hey! I resemble those remarks!
It’s a challenge to change my focus from my subject matter, and how passionate I am about it, to the results I get in the classroom. It’s a great point.
“You must give at least one example that your readers will likely be able to say of, later, “oh yeah…she’s that one who assigns the mini-ethnographies of the meat-packers, right?””
I love that this advice makes being “that girl” a positive thing.
Always be memorable!
ABD still says
Fabulous post. Just fabulous. My statement suffers from most problems you mention, especially overt passion, female humbleness and story-telling. Many thanks, Karen!
LOL. Always happy to be of service.
Great advice. Question about keeping the teaching statements ‘short’ … when they say they want ‘evidence of teaching effectiveness’ do they want teaching evaluations? summaries of teaching evaluations? pages and pages of teaching evaluations?
This is excellent question that almost never receives a clear answer 🙁
Is there one?
read my post, “What is Evidence of Teaching Effectiveness?”
What should you focus on if you don’t have a lot of teaching experience and thus cannot be very concrete? Any suggestions?
Focus on specific PLANS for courses. Ie, new courses you’d develop AND basic intro/generalist courses and how you’d handle them, pref. in innovative ways.
yes, but how does one demonstrate evidence of success?
thanks for posting that question. I have taught only one course at adjunct level and so, in applying for tenure-track, I have the same question. Has there been any reply to this?
Oh–you can’t! obviously you can’t give “evidence” of success until you ahve said evidence. But the soundness of your proposed syllabus and methods explained in the TS also count as evidence in a broader sense.
I have the same concern and question ? What should I focus on since I am new to the teaching career and don’t have teaching experience which may unable me to be concrete on my statement. How do I approach this part in my statement? I wonder..
Quick question: should the teaching statement be on official department letterhead, or is a simple PDF appropriate? On that topic, what generally should and should not be on official letterhead?
Thanks so much for this blog! It’s INCREDIBLY helpful to this bewildered PhD candidate.
Only the cover letter is on letterhead. Everything else is plain old printer paper.
in Error #2, you mention to write about “evidence that the strategies were effective”. What evidence should be used?
I find it confusing when an application asks for your teaching philosophy to be addressed in the cover letter. Does that just mean “talk about your teaching” or does it mean… do the usual teaching stuff and give us a paragraph on philosophy (my cover letter, having been Karen-ized, is not about my philosophy it is about my teaching abilities).
I completely agree with this point. The 5-paragraph essay is taught for a reason. However, some of us are often led astray by those in charge of helping us. My department is VERY GOOD at preparing grad students for the market…except when it comes to teaching philosophies. My teaching philosophy is tell-y rather than show-y because I was specifically told to remove the examples to the second paragraph (yes, two paragraphs only). The reason given was: “these are so ridiculous to read that you want the reader to get the “philosophy” part, and if they’re still reading, then they get the examples.” Ass backwards. But that was better than the other response: “who reads these anyway?” Well, at SLACs, I am sure they read it. Our profs have blind spots that sometimes lead us into perdition.
This is all great advice, however, what if one is applying for a teaching job right out of grad school? How can I demonstrate my past teaching strategies and successes if I have none (at least in the higher ed classroom setting) to speak of?
I have the same question. I used to teach in School level before this and dont have much college level teaching experiance other than instructing trainees / interns.
My challenge with summarising teaching evaluations is that they do not use a consistent scale. I’ve taught twice (at 2 universities), TAed 5 times (in two departments), for which I have 4 evaluations using three different scales (one department used 1 as excellent one year and 5 the next). The criteria are also not the same from year to year. Is it okay to only present average scores (which I convert to a five point scale so that they are all comparable)?
yes, that’s fine.
Prof. Karen, don’t yell at me, I think I know the answer, but….
I have seen teaching statements that include (inspirational) quotes from important figures within the discipline that apply to teaching. It seems weepy – to borrow your word – but it does frame your teaching within your discipline’s raison d’etre. E.g., social work –> Jane Addams
Would you throw my tenure-track job application out the window if my teaching statement included a quote? Thanks!
Could you write a few sentences which would improve the bad example given in #2 above? How would you show instead of tell for that particular wordy example about multimedia materials?
I was wondering the same thing. In the last paragraph for point #2, it’s listed what should be done, but the example given seems to do all of those things. I don’t see a distinction between showing and telling. It would be helpful to have an example of each for comparison.
Does each individual component of an application packet need to stand on its own? That is, do I need to re-introduce my research interests in my teaching statement as if its the first they’re reading of it or can I relate back to other parts of the application package?
These were the directions I was given: “Describe your approach to developing students’ capacities in critical thinking, writing, discussion and analysis. Provide examples of how you would lead a discussion seminar for freshmen on a text or topic from two courses that you identified in liberal education.”
While the information in this posting is helpful, the hubris and nasty tone in which it is written is just…tiring. Why do academics always have to have such attitudes. The nastiness just has not equivalent in other places.
Meh, the problem is the utterly warped supply and demand equation.
Not only that, but the tone of the post seems to suggest these teaching philosophies are a waste of time for the committee and for the applicants.
Which, y’know, raises the question: why are they still included as one of the hoops you have to jump through?
(Oh, wait. The answer’s in the question, isn’t it? Academia loves its hoops.)
Completely agree with your reply! And the irony of this blog post is that the replies to people’s comments and questions about drafting the Teaching Statement is to refer to the book: “The Professor is in: The Essential Guide To Turning Your PhD Into a Job.”
Well…I bought the book and read it cover-to-cover and the only portion of the book that discusses the Teaching Statement is a chapter entitled: “Just Say No to the Weepy Teaching Statement” (Chp. 25). This chapter essentially reiterates this blog post and insults women with derogatory undertones and generalized pejorative statements concerning female emotionality and “highly feminized” writing styles; proceeds to lambaste an anonymous female candidate’s “particularly awful” Teaching Statement; and then completely FAILS to provide instruction or a constructive example of what constitutes a GOOD Teaching Statement. Overall, I guess the major takeaway and lesson learned after buying and reading this is: “Just Say No to this Book.”
I am a graduate student in a field and in a department with limited teaching opportunities for PhD students beyond being a TA. I have sought out what few things there are (working as a writing tutor, teaching in a summer program), and these are represented in my statement. But I have not had much experience teaching my own courses, and as such, when citing examples of teaching effectiveness in my statement, I am finding that they sound lackluster — TAs only have so much room to innovate in a 50min discussion section in which the assignments and course objectives are determined by faculty, so it’s not like I’m reinventing the craft of teaching when I plan a debate for my students, or have them post reading reviews and discussion questions on an online forum for the class.
These things were effective in my classrooms, and I have some evidence (anecdotal, as well as from evaluations) that my students responded well to them. But they’re pretty run of the mill as far as I can tell, and I’m concerned that they will read as such…the same crap grad students always put in these statements to show how “innovative” they are in the classroom.
The forever visiting professor says
I have been concentrating so much in my other materials over the past years that I have never made deep revisions to my teaching statement. Now that I read this, I realize how terribly formulaic my statement was. Re-working on it right now. On a positive note, I found a couple of sentences right at the midle of it that were pure gold. I now know that I may be “that professor who uses strategic confusion in her classes”. I’m glad I had at least something concrete! Thank you for the posts!
Thank you for this post, it really helped a lot. I am currently on the fourth or fifth iteration of my teaching statement (have been a visiting professor since 2011). By now I have worked out all (most!) of the hackneyed garbage, but I was still writing it very much like the life story of my teaching. Your advice to write it more as an essay has helped immensely. Many thanks.
Hello and thanks for the tips,
how can one follow an evidence-based schema if one is applying for a Lecturership and therefore they might not have thought any class yet?
Give detailed examplesof what you would like to teach; you need to “think of classes” now!
Thank you so much for the very helpful advices! May I ask one question? For an applicant who does not have experience of teaching a real course,what would the “evidence-based” be substituted with to make the TS still sound and stand out?
Teaching personal statements says
Thank you very much. It helped me a lot.
I have enjoyed reading your posts as I work on this season’s applications. In your frequent insistence on brevity, you do not say if your one page, 12 pt, New Times Roman, one inch margin pages are single-spaced or double-spaced. Sorry to sound like such an undergrad, but it changes things by a factor of two!
always single spaced.
I am a PhD student working on a teaching statement and was referred here as a resource by a professor. I was a little taken aback by your errors #5 and #6. I know that sexism is common in academia, and I am happy to see that acknowledged here. However I was also bothered by the implication that women are inherently more emotional than men, and that expressions of traditional ‘femininity’ do not belong in tenure track positions. I had hoped that in 2015 we had moved beyond such narrow views of gender and success in academia. I’d love to hear your thoughts on this!
I just say what I see. Women clients do this way more than men.
way to promote an ideology of aggressive masculinity under the guise of feminism, Karen.
I am about to submit an application for a job that requests teaching evaluations be uploading. When I was a graduate TA I was evaluated, but I never received copies of those teaching evaluations. I am now teaching in Master´s program abroad, but I would like return to the States. The program does not have teaching evaluations. What could I do?
Great article but I don’t like and don’t agree with the facts that you associate to women! Terms like: ” highly feminized,” “classic female perennial one-year replacement adjunct” and “female humbleness” are examples of common misbeliefs that hurt women in in academia (and in general outside of academia).
Here I elaborate my opinion on these statements:
1) Humble and emotional writing downgrades our writing regardless of being a man or a woman. But unfortunately because of these misbeliefs, humbleness and emotions are more noticed when women do it and it is immediately linked to their gender. So if women make these mistakes, they are hurt more than if men do it.
2) The term “highly feminized” is being used here as a negative statement. There is nothing wrong with being feminine!
3) “classic female perennial one-year replacement adjunct”?! There is no need to have the word “female” in this statement. Besides, this is not a classic picture of a woman that I have in mind.
From the commments, it looks like by adding words like “female” and “woman” you wanted to mention that these mistakes are more common between women than men. That may be true but the way you say them you imply more than that. The impression that reader gets from reading these statements (or at least I got) are the ones that I explained above.
This article is about how to change our language to increase effectiveness in writing. The hiring committees consist of both men and women. Changing our language about women is an important step toward effective writing.
I completely agree with this comment, and I am glad that these concerns were articulated. I also have a problem with this notion that “highly feminized” or “female” trans. “passive” voice may hurt an applicant. This may have been true for many years, but this is not the case in 2016. This is complicity with the system. I would challenge the author and her readers not to imply that “professional” = “masculine”.
Ben Hying says
What should somebody with no experience write as a teaching statement?
I can guess what you might say but I need to hear it: is it permissible to include a teaching portfolio that includes 2 sample syllabi and a few evals when you are asked for a teaching statement?
Thanks so much! Yours, on the market
Thomas DeLucil says
Do you have any advice for applicants who need to describe their teaching both in language classes, and content courses? It doesn’t seem like there’s much overlap between them other than what is common to all teaching. 1/2 a page each? Do they need to be linked?
Amy L. Michaud-Wells says
Great article! I am ashamed to admit that I purchased your book while I was a doctoral student, but I didn’t read it. Since I am now looking to change my career path, I will definitely start reading it tonight!
I’d take your advise more seriously if it were not so full of typos.
and yest I know that my comment included a typo, but I am not posing as a know it all or asking anyone to take my advice seriously
If the following is the “Tell” version then what would the “Show” re-write look like? Everyone can always point to what they don’t like and give bad examples, but on almost every website I’ve seen, they can’t give examples of good writing.
“I always like to use multi-media materials in the classroom. I first discovered the value of these when I taught ‘Introduction to Cultural Anthropology’ at the Eastern Tennessee State last spring. In that class I had the opportunity to use a wide range of videos and online materials. Students told me that they really loved these, and I came to feel that these are excellent methods for promoting in-class discussions. I plan to use them in future classes as well.”
Read my book, The Professor Is In: The Essential Guide To Turning Your PhD Into a Job (about $12) for lots of good examples.
Can you clarify what you mean re: starting the teaching statement: “articulate a wide general good that can be achieved through university pedagogy at its broadest level”
How might advice for a “statement of teaching interests” differ from the above?
Karen Kelsky says
lol, not at all!
SHANNON LYNN NIX says
Hi! What are your fees and information re: creating and editing a teaching summary?
Karen Kelsky says
Please email me at email@example.com to learn about fees and how to work with us.